Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Page: 170-176
Socio-Cultural Factors to Breaking through the Glass Ceiling: A Case Study of University of Ghana, Legon
Hannah Benedicta Taylor-Abdulai, Accra Polytechnic, Accra, Ghana
Lipsey Samuel Appiah-Kwapong, Accra Polytechnic, Accra, Ghana
Grace Sintim-Adasi, Accra Polytechnic, Accra, Ghana
Emelia Sarpong, Accra Polytechnic, Accra, Ghana
Akosua Darkwa, Department of Sociology, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
Received: Oct. 16, 2014;       Accepted: Oct. 29, 2014;       Published: Nov. 20, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ss.20140305.14      View  2641      Downloads  112
Abstract
The study looked at socio-cultural factors that impede women faculty career progress. A total of 142 faculties made up of 33 females and 109 males were sampled for the study using a stratified sampling strategy from the faculties, schools and institutes. Using a mixed method, the study compared male and female faculty of the University of Ghana, Legon using a proxy of roles and responsibilities both at home to find out which gender has more responsibilities in taking care of family and home. The findings in the study show the prevalence of subtle gender discrimination mechanisms that hinder women’s opportunities for career advancement and other career opportunities. The study shows that the university does not effectively create the necessary conditions to support mothers with children under two years. The invisibility of female faculty is as a result of their roles as wives and mothers, which invariably leaves them with little or no time to participate in informal networks. The study found that many women than men experience conflict regarding their ability to simultaneously play the role of wife, mother and worker. The study recommends that in order for the University of Ghana, Legon to retain those women who are already in the system, it is necessary to give them responsibilities that would increase their skills in leadership positions. Structural changes, such as "family friendly" policies in the form of flexible faculty meeting time may also be helpful so that female faculty with children can participate effectively in the university.
Keywords
Glass Ceiling, Socio-Cultural Barriers, Gender, childcare
To cite this article
Hannah Benedicta Taylor-Abdulai, Lipsey Samuel Appiah-Kwapong, Grace Sintim-Adasi, Emelia Sarpong, Akosua Darkwa, Socio-Cultural Factors to Breaking through the Glass Ceiling: A Case Study of University of Ghana, Legon, Social Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 170-176. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20140305.14
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